History 101 with Professor Bean.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki were the only two uses of Atomic Weapons in warfare. This is known by all who have a basic knowledge of the history of WWII. What isn't basic knowledge is why these particular cities were chosen, and as much as us Americans may like to think, it was not the two nuclear bombs that ended the war in the Pacific. It is May, 1945, the Germans have surrendered! After much toiling in Europe over a victory the end has come at last. Except for the Americans, a bloody fight still awaits in the Pacific. A fight the Japanese were losing. And while the Japanese were losing it was extracting a heavy toll on the US Marines that fought there. Now go back to February, 1945. The Yalta Conference hosted by the Soviet Union was held. Germany was on the brink, and the Allies were planning on what to do with the crumbling Reich. But Roosevelt and Stalin also made a deal. 1/6
@TheCoolestBean, Three months after the end of the war, should the Soviet Union attack the Japanese, they would gain the Kurile Islands and southern Sakhalin, which they had lost in the Russo-Japanese war of 1906. Stalin graciously accepted the offer. It is July 16th, 1945, New Mexico. At 5:29 a.m. the Trinity bomb detonates, sparking the Atomic age. The sand melts into glass, the center of the fireball reaches a temperature higher than that of the sun. A blind woman sees the flash from miles away. Robert Oppenheimer quotes the Bhagavad-Gita, a Hindu holy book,"I am become death... the destroyer of worlds." This ominous quote kicked off the greatest tension between countries that mankind has ever faced, the cold war. Now the US posses nuclear weapons, weapons they do not fully understand. With only two bombs the U.S. must decide what to do with them. The Date is decided, August 6th, and the city chosen is Hiroshima. 2/6
@TheCoolestBean, Now Hiroshima isn't chosen for its military significance, because there was none. It was chosen because it was one of the few untouched cities in Japan. It was chosen as nothing more than a testing ground for the bombs destructive capabilities. A civilian target was chosen specifically to see what this bomb could do. Nagasaki was not the first choice for the Fat Man bomb. The original choice was the city Kokura, on August 9th. Unfortunately for Nagasaki the cloud cover was too heavy for Kokura. So it was moved to nearby Nagasaki. On August 9th, the Plutonium bomb Fat man was dropped incinerating the city instantly. Now much speculation has surrounded the reasoning and necessity of the second bomb being dropped. Some say it was necessary, some say it was not. But the most accepted reasoning behind the dropping of the second bomb was that it showed the U.S. could make more. If you drop one bomb, you are only dropping one, showing you have only one. 3/6
@TheCoolestBean, If you drop two, it shows that not only can you replicate your first bomb, but that you may have already done so and have more on hand. It was a flex on other nations, mainly the U.S.S.R.. On August 15th, 1945, the Japanese surrendered. Now it has been taught in schools that the two Atomic Bombs are what ended the war in the Pacific, this is incorrect. On August 9th, the Soviet Union made good on its side of the deal, invading Japanese occupied Manchuria. This is what really terrifies the Japanese, the Soviet invasion of Manchuria. If the Americans invaded there would be rampant destruction, yes, but the Japanese would survive. America would help pick them back up. If the Soviet Union invaded the Japanese islands, then there would be no mercy. Japan would become a Soviet puppet government, the emperor would be executed publicly, purges of those who oppose the Soviet Union would occur. The Japanese culture would be annihilated. 4/6
@TheCoolestBean, The bombs were not what caused the Japanese surrender, they were just two more cities destroyed. One plane, or a thousand. The cities destroyed in an instant or over a series of days. There was no difference to the Japanese military elite. In fact the bombs were only mentioned as a footnote in a Japanese conference with the military elite. It was the Soviets that scared the Japanese, not the Americans. So the Japanese ushered themselves into a surrender with the Americans to protect themselves from annihilation. The terms of the surrender were, the military occupation is kept to a minimum, and the Emperor gets to stay in power. On August 15th, 1945, the Japanese officially surrendered. The Emperor broadcast over the radio, that the Japanese Empire had surrendered. It was the first time the Japanese had heard his voice.
@TheCoolestBean, sorry for the 5 blocks of text, I find giving history lessons kind of fun and figured the fine people of funnypics would enjoy this bit of information. 6/6
@TheCoolestBean, you really are the coolest bean
@TheCoolestBean, very cool Kayne
@TheCoolestBean, I read every word with a little suspense built in. Good on you.
@TheCoolestBean, the reason for the second bomb was simple, little boy (Hiroshima) was what known as a "bullet type" nuke in which we fired a pellet of highly enriched uranium-235 at a sphere of u-235 to make boom happen "At ground zero, directly beneath the airburst, the temperature reached perhaps 10,000 degrees Fahrenheit. Everyone on the bridge was incinerated, and hundreds of fires were ignited. The blast wave flattened buildings, a firestorm engulfed the city, and a mushroom cloud rose almost ten miles into the sky. From the plane, Hiroshima looked like a roiling, bubbling sea of black smoke and fire. A small amount of fissile material was responsible for the devastation; 98.62 percent of the uranium in Little Boy was blown apart before it could become supercritical. Only 1.38 percent actually fissioned, and most of that uranium was transformed into dozens of lighter elements (1/2)
@TheCoolestBean, About eighty thousand people were killed in Hiroshima and more than two thirds of the buildings were destroyed because 0.7 gram of uranium-235 was turned into pure energy. A dollar bill weighs more than that.
Now on to Fat Man, now if little boy was the ineffective but deadly bomb. Fat man is where we started to perfect our art he was a sphere in a sphere the core was plutonium-240 and surrounded by explosive lenses designed to all fire simultaneously forcing the core to implode going from sub critical to super critical instantaneously, it had a higher yeild because it successfully forced more core material into criticality and was there by deemed more efficient (2/2)
@TheCoolestBean, I was just today years old knowing this
Well maybe they didn’t the message the first time